• Jargon Buster

    Jargon Buster

    ADSL (Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line) – This enables high speed data transfer over traditional copper telephone lines. It is called ‘asymmetric’ as data is downloaded faster than it is uploaded.

    ADSL2+ – This is a form of ADSL that offers even faster top speeds of data transfer.

    Attachment – This is a file that has been sent as an attachment in an email, but it is not part of the email. The file (for example a word document) is then downloaded by the recipient.

    Avatar – This is an image used as online representation of a person; they are mainly used in chat rooms.

    AVI – A video clip format, showing that a file is a video.

    Backbone – This is a high-speed telecommunications line used to connect local branches of the Internet.

    Bandwidth – This is a way of measuring the speed of data transmission. Bandwidth is measured in bits per second (bps).

    BIT – is short for binary digit.

    Bitmap (BMP) – is a file of image format.

    Blog (web log) – is an online diary used by an author to share information on a particular subject at regular intervals.

    Bookmark – This is used to mark the address of a web page in your computers memory. This allows you to refer back to that website at a later time without having to type in the web address.

    Bot – This is an automated software program used to carry out specific tasks.

    ”’BPS (bits per second)=== – This is a measurement of speed as which data is transferred.

    Broadband – This is a service that enables large amounts of data to be transferred at fast speeds.

    Browser – This is a program that enables you to search the Internet for websites.

    Burn – This is a term used to describe the recording of data from a computer hard drive to a CD or DVD.

    Byte – This is a measurement of computer storage space. There are 1024 bytes in one kilobyte (1KB), 1024 KB in a megabyte (MB) and 1024 MB in a gigabyte (GB).

    Chat – This is the term to describe 2 or more people having a conversation over the Internet.

    Client – This is a program that requests information from a server; WWW and ftp are server/client applications.

    Cookie – This is the information sent to your computer from a website that you have viewed.

    Database – This is a large collection of related data or information, it is organised in such a way that it can be easily retrieved or manipulated.

    Dial=== -up – This is where a connection is established with the Internet using a telephone line and modem.

    Domain – This is the address of a particular website, for example, www.broadband=== -guide.org is a domain name.

    Download – This is the process of retrieving a copy of information from your own or a remote computer.

    Downstream – This refers to the flow of data from a specific location to your PC.

    DSL modem – This is a piece of hardware required to get a high speed broadband service, it can give speeds up to 512Kbps downstream and 256Kbps upstream.

    Ecommerce – This is the name used when referring to sales done over the Internet.

    Email – This is the exchange of electronic mail between computers and users.

    Encryption – This is the process of translating data into a secret code for protection purposes.

    Filters – This is a device that you plug into your phone socket, you may be required to have a filter when using the internet.

    Firewall – This is a means of security that protects your computer from unauthorised access by others.

    Freeware – This is any type of software that is free to purchase and use.

    Gateway – This is a combination of hardware and software that enables two different types of networks to exchange information.

    Gigabyte (GB) – This is a unit of storage capacity. There are 1,024 megabytes in one GB.

    GIF (Graphics Interchange Format) – This is a type of graphics file.

    Hacker – This is someone who enjoys exploring and learning about computer systems. It is often confused with cracker, which is a person who has a mischievous attitude and often attempts to break into computer systems.

    Hard drive – This is a piece of hardware used to store electronic information in your computer.

    History – This is a list of previously viewed websites that is stored in your browser.

    Home page – This is the an introductory web page that appears when you first open your browser.

    Hub – This is a device used in local area networks to make a connection between two computers.

    Hyperlink – This can be a piece of text or an image that takes you to a website when clicked.

    Internet Explorer – This is a program that allows you to view different websites.

    Internet Service Provider (ISP) – This is a company that provides users with access to the Internet.

    Internet – This is a network of networks around the world that facilitates data transfer and communication services.

    Intranet – This is an internal, private network used within a company.

    ”’IP address=== – This is a unique 4=== -byte number that is used to identify servers or users connected to the Internet.

    JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) – This is a type of image format commonly used in web pages.

    Kilobyte (KB) – This is a unit of storage capacity, there are 1024 bytes in a KB.

    LAN – Local area Area Network.

    Login – This is where you connect or access a computer system by providing a user name and password.

    Mbps (Megabits per second) – This is a measurement of speed when referring to data transfer or bandwidth.

    Megabyte (MB) – This is a unit of storage capacity, there are 1024 kilobytes in a MB.

    Migration Fee – This is fee that you would pay to move from your existing provider to a different one.

    Modem (Modulator/Demodulator) – A device that allows computers to send and receive data using telephone lines, a modem maybe required to connect to the Internet.

    MP3 – This is a type of music file format.

    MPEG – This is a type of video file format.

    Multimedia – This is a method of presenting many forms of media, such as text, graphics and videos.

    Network – This is when two or more computers are connected allowing resources to be shared between them.

    ”’Network adaptor (Network card or NIC)=== – This is a piece of hardware that allows a PC to connect to a network.

    Offline – This is the status of a user when not connected to the Internet.

    Online – This is the status of a user when connected to the internet.

    Pixel (picture element) – This is the smallest unit of a picture that can be displayed on a computer monitor.

    Plug=== -in – This is a small software program that extends the capabilities of a web browser in some way.

    POP (Post Office Protocol) – This is a program which can accept e=== -mail on behalf of users, store it and then forward it when the user requires.

    RAM (random access memory) – This is a type of memory which stores data temporarily in your computer, this data is then lost when your computer is switched off.

    Rip – This is the term used to describe the copying of data from a CD or DVD onto a computer hard drive.

    ROM (read only memory) – This a type of memory containing data that normally can only be read, not altered.

    Router – This is a piece of hardware that allows 2 networks to be connected so that data can be transferred between them.

    Search engine – This is a website that allows you to search the Internet for a specific topic.

    Server – This is a host computer on a network that stores information, such as websites, and responds to requests for information.

    Shareware – This is software that you can use for a limited amount of time, allowing you to try the program before you decide to purchase it.

    Spam – This is the slang term used to describe unwanted advertising sent through email.

    Streaming – This is when you watch or listen to a multimedia file as it’s downloading, it means you don’t have to fully download and save the file before hand.

    Surfing – This is term used to describe browsing the Internet.

    Upload – This is the process of transferring data from your computer hard drive to a remote location.

    Upstream – This refers to the flow of data from your PC to the Internet.

    URL (Uniform Resource Locator) – A standard way to specify the location of a file on the Internet. The URL combines the network protocol to use (eg.e.g. HTTP), the name of the host (eg www.virgin.net) and the name of the file (online) into a single specification, eg. "http://www.virgin.net" is the URL for Virgin.net.

    USB (Universal Serial Bus) – This is a plug on your computer used as an easy way of connecting different pieces of hardware to your PC.

    Virus – This is a man=== -made program that is designed specifically to cause damage to computer systems in one way or another.

    Webmaster – This term is used to describe the person in charge of maintaining a web site.

    Web page – This is a single document on the Internet.

    Web site – This is a combined series of web pages.

    Web space – This is the space on a server that can be allocated.

    Wi=== -Fi (wireless fidelity) – This term is used to describe a set of standards for devices that connect to a local area network using wireless technology.

    Worm – This is a program that moves through computer networks replicating itself. It is usually designed to cause damage to computer systems.

    Zip – This is a type of compression file format. ”’